Cosmetic manicure and pedicure treatments include nail shortening and filing, removal of cuticles and giving color to the nail plate. Manicurists and pedicurists are exposed to inhalation of nail dust, produced during nail polishing and filing, particularly when mechanical devices are used. Due to their small size, particles of this dust have the ability to penetrate through bronchioles and pulmonary alveoli, often carrying infectious material.
Acrylic or gel nails being filed are composed of synthetic resins, such as tosylamide-formaldehyde, acrylic, vinyl, polyester, polyamide, alkyl, aryl-sulfonyl urethane, tosylamide-epoxy resins, plasticizers, organic or inorganic dyes (metal oxides), components that give pearly effect (guanine, mica), cover components (titanium dioxide, bismuth chloride oxide), acrylic monomers and oligomers (e.g. methacrylates, urethane methacrylates, dimethacrylates, trimethacrylates, tetramethacrylates), acrylic esters, photoinitiator and benzophenone.
In addition, manicurists, and especially pedicurists employed in salons actively participate in care and treatment of nails with illness lesions and this inherently involves contact with potentially contagious biological material. Spreading of bacterial, viral or fungal infection can take place in direct contact or through the instruments and tools used. Remarkable importance should also be attributed to exposition to the airborne biological agents in the form of bioaerosols (system containing the air, microorganisms in it, as well as other particles).
Testing of air in salons and analysis of dust produced during filing of nails show the presence of bacteria (including different staphylococcus, streptococci, micrococci species, Bacillus sp.) and fungi (among them mould, yeast fungi and dermatophytes). In addition, their contact with conjunctivae also occurs.
Exposure to volatile substances and nail dust results in reactions such as irritation within the conjunctivae area, skin and the oral cavity, nose and pharynx mucous membranes. In around 32% of people, diseases of the respiratory system occur – most often asthma, but also inflammation of nasal sinuses, recurring respiratory tract infection, chronic cough, irritation of nasal mucous membrane and bronchitis.
Exposure to these compounds, mostly with high volatility, is difficult to eliminate in a salon, which often has insufficient ventilation. Application of the Nail Dust Collector NDC 1000 of the AFINIA company limits to a significant degree the exposure to inhalation of harmful particles not only by salon employees (according to reports, it is estimated that a cosmetician inhales around 4 kg of harmful dust yearly), but also by clients. This is why I recommend the Nail Dust Collector NDC 1000 of the AFINIA company to limit exposure to inhalation of harmful dust produced during treatment of nails, and to help prevent development of diseases connected with this exposure.
Dr. Marta Pilaczyńska-Cemel
Internal Medicine Specialist, Lung Disease Specialist